Cookies are small text files that the sites visited by users send to their terminals, where they are stored before being re-transmitted to the same sites on the next visit. Cookies of the so-called “third parties” are, however, set by a website other than the one the user is visiting. This is because on each site there may be elements (images, maps, sounds, specific links to web pages of other domains, etc.) that reside on servers other than the site visited.
Types of cookies
We can identify various types of cookies based on their characteristics and use:
– Technical cookies. Technical cookies are those used for the sole purpose of “transmitting a communication via an electronic communications network, or to the extent strictly necessary for the service provider to deliver the service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user” (see Article 122, paragraph 1, of the Code). They are not used for other purposes and are normally installed directly by the website owner or operator. They can be divided into navigation or session cookies, which guarantee the normal navigation and use of the website; analytical cookies, similar to technical cookies when used directly by the site operator to collect information, in aggregated form, on the number of users and how they visit the site; functional cookies, which allow the user to navigate according to a series of selected criteria in order to improve the service provided. For the installation of these cookies, the prior consent of users is not required. However, the obligation remains to provide information pursuant to art. 13 of the Code, which the site operator, if he uses only such devices, will provide in the manner he deems most suitable.
– Advertising cookies. Advertising cookies are designed to create user profiles in order to send advertising according to the preferences showed by the user while surfing the net. Due to the fact that such devices may violate the user’s private domain, European and Italian legislation require the user to be adequately informed about their use and to express their valid consent. This is referred to in art. 122 of the Code, which provides that “the storage of information in the terminal device of a contractor or a user, or the access to information already filed, is permitted only on condition that the contractor or the user has given their consent after having been informed through the simplified procedures referred to in Article 13, paragraph 3” (Article 122, paragraph 1, of the Code). This site does not use advertising cookies.
By visiting this website, you may receive cookies from sites managed by other organizations (“third parties”). An example of this is the presence of “social plugins” for Facebook, Twitter, Google+ or LinkedIn, or of systems to view embedded multimedia content such as YouTube, Flickr. These are parts directly generated by the aforementioned sites and integrated into the web page of the visited host site. The presence of these plugins involves the transmission of cookies to and from all sites managed by third parties. The management of information collected by “third parties” is governed by the relevant regulations. Users are requested to refer to them for information. To ensure greater transparency and convenience, please find below web addresses which provide information on cookies and on the way to manage them.
Facebook information: https://www.facebook.com/help/cookies/
Facebook (configuration): log in to your account. Privacy section.
Information on Twitter: https://support.twitter.com/articles/20170514
Twitter (configuration): https://twitter.com/settings/security
Information on Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/legal/cookie-policy
Linkedin (configuration): https://www.linkedin.com/settings/
Information on YouTube \ Google+ : http://www.google.it/intl/en/policies/technologies/cookies/
YouTube \ Google+ (configuration): http://www.google.it/intl/en/policies/technologies/managing/
Pinterest: information \ configuration: https://about.pinterest.com/en/privacy-policy
Information on Flickr \ Yahoo: http://info.yahoo.com/privacy/en/yahoo/cookies/details.html
Flickr \ Yahoo (configuration) http://info.yahoo.com/privacy/en/yahoo/opt_out/targeting/details.html
The site also includes components transmitted by Google Analytics, a web traffic analysis service provided by Google, Inc. (“Google”). These cookies are used for the sole purpose of monitoring and improving site performance. For more information, please refer to the link below:
The user can selectively disable the action of Google Analytics by installing in his browser the opt-out component provided by Google. To disable the action of Google Analytics, please refer to the link below:
Some cookies (session cookies) remain active only until the browser is closed or when a logout command is executed. Other cookies “survive” when the browser is closed and are also available in subsequent visits by the user. They are called persistent cookies and their expiration date is set by the server when they are created. In some cases, a deadline is set, in other cases their lifespan is unlimited.
The user can decide whether or not to accept cookies using the browser settings.
Warning: total or partial disabling of technical cookies could compromise the optimal use of the site.
Disabling “third-party” cookies does not affect navigability in any way.
Settings can be defined specifically for different websites and web applications. Besides, browsers allow you to define different settings for “first party cookies” and for “third party” ones. As an example, in Firefox, through the menu Tools-> Options-> Privacy, you can access a control panel where you can either accept the various kinds of cookies or refuse them and remove them. It is easy to find information in internet on how to set the cookie management rules for your browser. As an example, you will find some addresses related to the main browsers:
Internet Explorer: http://windows.microsoft.com/en-en/windows7/how-to-manage-cookies-in-internet-explorer-9